Study of hydrogen internal combustion engine vehicles based on the whole life cycle evaluation method

Ping Guo, Jianlun Xu, Chuanhao Zhao, Baoliang Zhang


In order to better achieve the goal of low carbon emissions from vehicles, a whole life cycle assessment of hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engine vehicles has been conducted in recent years. Based on the study of hydrogen use around the world, we studied the emission and economic performance of hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engine vehicles from the beginning of hydrogen production to the end of use (Well-to-Wheel, WTW) based on the whole life cycle evaluation method. The results show that the overall environmental impact of hydrogen production by steam reforming of natural gas is the smallest, and that the rational use of "abandoned electricity" for hydrogen production from electrolytic water in the western part of China significantly reduces the overall environmental impact and the cost of hydrogen production. In the use phase, the emissions are less, which not only can meet the National 6 emission standard, but also can reach higher emission standard after adding exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). From the whole life cycle point of view, hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engine has a very good development prospect.

Citation: Guo, P., Xu, J., Zhao, C., and Zhang, B. (2022). Study of hydrogen internal combustion engine vehicles based on the whole life cycle evaluation method. Trends in Renewable Energy, 8, 27-37. DOI: 10.17737/tre.2022.8.1.00135


Whole Life Cycle; Hydrogen Fuel Internal Combustion Engine; Emission; Economy

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