Introduction of Abnormal Combustion in Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engines and the Detection Method

Jiahui Liu


As a clean, environmentally friendly and renewable energy source, hydrogen as an alternative engine fuel can greatly reduce atmospheric pollution and alleviate the shortage of oil resources, and is the most promising alternative fuel for vehicles among new fuels. However, due to its fast combustion rate and wide ignition limit, hydrogen often shows abnormal combustion phenomena (such as pre-ignition, backfire and knock), when it is used in the engine, thus affecting the performance and normal use of engines. In this paper, the advantages and disadvantages of hydrogen as an alternative fuel for the engine are summarized according to the characteristics of hydrogen. On this basis, the mechanism, influence factors and harm of abnormal combustion in the hydrogen internal combustion engine are analyzed and summarized, which provides a theoretical basis for solving abnormal combustion problems. Finally, several commonly used abnormal combustion detection methods are summarized.

Citation: Liu, J. (2022). Introduction of Abnormal Combustion in Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engines and the Detection Method. Trends in Renewable Energy, 8, 38-48. DOI: 10.17737/tre.2022.8.1.00136


Hydrogen internal combustion engine; Abnormal combustion; Detection method; Clean energy

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