Introduction of Abnormal Combustion in Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engines and the Detection Method

Jiahui Liu


As a clean, environmentally friendly and renewable energy source, hydrogen as an alternative engine fuel can greatly reduce atmospheric pollution and alleviate the shortage of oil resources, and is the most promising alternative fuel for vehicles among new fuels. However, due to its fast combustion rate and wide ignition limit, hydrogen often shows abnormal combustion phenomena (such as pre-ignition, backfire and knock), when it is used in the engine, thus affecting the performance and normal use of engines. In this paper, the advantages and disadvantages of hydrogen as an alternative fuel for the engine are summarized according to the characteristics of hydrogen. On this basis, the mechanism, influence factors and harm of abnormal combustion in the hydrogen internal combustion engine are analyzed and summarized, which provides a theoretical basis for solving abnormal combustion problems. Finally, several commonly used abnormal combustion detection methods are summarized.

Citation: Liu, J. (2022). Introduction of Abnormal Combustion in Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engines and the Detection Method. Trends in Renewable Energy, 8, 38-48. DOI: 10.17737/tre.2022.8.1.00136


Hydrogen internal combustion engine; Abnormal combustion; Detection method; Clean energy

Full Text:



Liu, Z. (2019). Research on flow field and hydrothermal management of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. South China University, Thesis.

Verhelst, S. (2014). Recent progress in the use of hydrogen as a fuel for internal combustion engines. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 39(2), 1071-1085. DOI:

Yuan, K. (2017). An introduction to early combustion in abnormal combustion of hydrogen internal combustion engines. Automotive Practical Art, 19, 162-164.

Zhang, F. (2017). Effect of split-section injection method on the combustion and performance of hydrogen internal combustion engine. North China University of Water and Electric Power, Thesis.

Ren, T. (2014). Influence of in-cylinder operation parameters on the pressure rise rate and early ignition of hydrogen-fueled engines. North China University of Water Resources and Hydropower, Thesis.

Yuan, K. (2017). An introduction to early combustion in abnormal combustion of hydrogen internal combustion engines. Automotive practical arts, 19, 162-164.

Duan, J., Liu, F., and Sun, B. (2013). Research on the mechanism and control of tempering in inlet tract fuel-injected hydrogen internal combustion engines. Journal of Agricultural Machinery, 44(3), 1-5+37.

Yamin, J. A. A. (2006). Comparative study using hydrogen and gasoline as fuels: combustion duration effect. 30(14), 1175-1187. DOI:

Zhou, L. (2011). Internal Combustion Mechanics. 3rd edition. Mechanical Industry Press.

Jiang, D. (2001). Combustion and emission of internal combustion engines. Xi'an Jiaotong University Press.

Jiang, D. (2002). Principles of Higher Internal Combustion Engines. Xi'an Jiaotong University Press.

Zhao, S. (2015). Abnormal combustion of gasoline engines. Agricultural machinery use and maintenance, 2015(1), 40.

Duan, J., Zheng, J., and Yang, Z. (2010). Diagnosis of abnormal combustion in hydrogen engines using radial basis function networks. Journal of North China University of Water Resources and Hydroelectricity (Natural Science Edition), 31(2), 55-58.

Tong, S., Li, H., Y, Z., Hu, Z., and Li, L. (2016). Diagnosis of abnormal in-cylinder combustion based on ion current. Automotive Technology, 2016(9), 18-21+26.

Wu, X., Wang, Y., and Li, F. (2001). A comparison of the ion current method and the body vibration method for the detection of burst vibration. Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University, 2001(10), 1059-1061+1066.

Wei, H., Hua, J., Feng, D., Pan, M. (2016). A kind of early combustion and Knocking detection and its detection method based on vibrations, CN106762133A, China Patent.

Qi, Z., Zeng, G., Gary, S., Xu, Y., Wang, C., and Zan, X. (2015). Research on active diagnosis strategy for front oxygen sensor response performance of gasoline vehicles. Automotive Engineering, 37(10), 1195-1201.

Dong, Q., Yuan, H., Jian, X., Li, Y., and Jiao, S. (2013). Simulation test of natural gas engine oxygen sensor failure. Journal of Transportation Engineering, 13(3), 62-70.

Fang, W., Ma, Y., Li, Z., and Zhang, C. (2017). Research on detecting abnormal combustion of gasoline engine based on UEGO signal level. Journal of Gansu Agricultural University, 52(4), 188-192.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Jiahui Liu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Copyright @2014-2024 Trends in Renewable Energy (ISSN: 2376-2136, online ISSN: 2376-2144)