Optimized Lightweight Frame for Intelligent New-energy Vehicles

Peipei Wu


In this paper, a joint optimization method based on multi-objective response surface approximation model and finite element simulation program is proposed to realize the lightweight optimization of new-energy vehicle frames. Under the premise of satisfying the constraints of strength, frequency and vibration, the thickness of different important parts is optimized to achieve the goal of minimizing the quality of intelligent vehicles. In order to obtain the stress distribution of each part and the vibration frequency of the frame, various finite element analyses of the intelligent vehicle frame are analyzed. In order to achieve optimization, this paper adopts the response surface method for multi-objective optimization. Sample data was generated by the central composite design, and the response surface optimization method was used to filter out 5 design variables that had a large impact on the frame. As a result, the weight of the frame was reduced from 25.05 kg to 19.86 kg, a weight reduction of 20.7%, achieving a significant weight reduction effect. This method provides important reference value and guiding significance for the optimization of frame and its lightweight. In this way, the design of the frame can be better optimized to make it lighter, thereby improving the performance of the smart car. At the same time, this method can also be applied to optimization problems in other fields to achieve more efficient and accurate optimization goals. 

Citation: Wu, P. (2023). Optimized Lightweight Frame for Intelligent New-energy Vehicles. Trends in Renewable Energy, 9(2), 157-166. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.17737/tre.2023.9.2.00159


Intelligent new-energy vehicle, Vehicle frame; Finite element analysis; Lightweight; Optimization

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17737/tre.2023.9.2.00159


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