Design of Solar System by Implementing ALO Optimized PID Based MPPT Controller

Raj Kumar SAHU, Binod Shaw

Abstract


This paper is a strive approach to design offgrid solar system in association with DC-DC boost converter and MPPT. The tuned PID based MPPT technique is adopted to extract maximum power from the solar system under certain circumstances (temperature and irradiance). The design parameters of PID controller play an imperative aspect to enhance the performance of the system. Ant lion Optimizer (ALO) algorithm is adopted to optimize PID parameters to contribute relevant duty cycle for DC-DC boost converter to maximize output power and voltage. P and O based MPPT technique is implemented to validate the supremacy of PID based MPPT to enhance the response of the system. In this paper, the proposed ALO optimized PID controller based MPPT technique is performed better over conventional P & O technique by conceding the oscillation, time response, settling time and maximum values of voltage, current and power of the solar system.

Citation: SAHU, R. K., and Shaw, B. (2018). Design of Solar System by Implementing ALO Optimized PID Based MPPT Controller. Trends in Renewable Energy, 4, 44-55. DOI: 10.17737/tre.2018.4.3.0049


Keywords


Photovoltaic system (PV); Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT); Perturb and Observe (P & O); Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) controller; Ant lion Optimizer (ALO) algorithm

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17737/tre.2018.4.3.0049

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Copyright (c) 2018 Raj Kumar Sahu and Binod Shaw

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