Conversion of Food Processing Waste to Bioenergy: Bangladesh Perspective

Mohammad Shaiful Alam Amin, Mubassir Jahan Talukder, Rajashri Roy Raju, Md Maksudur Rahman Khan


Microbial fuel cell (MFC) is an attractive renewable and sustainable technology to meet up the drastic energy crisis of the world through waste water treatment. This Bioelectrochemical system (BES) converts biomass spontaneously into electricity by the metabolic activity of microorganisms. Food processing industry generally discharges large volume of wastewater, which creates adverse financial and ecological impacts to the industry and environment. In this present contribution, electricity production from food processing industry wastewater that serves as substrates in MFCs was investigated. Dual chambered mediator-less MFC was designed and fabricated using locally available materials. Performance of the MFC was evaluated by measuring potential parameters, such as current generation, current density, change in pH, and change in chemical oxygen demand at different operating conditions. Polarization experiments were conducted to find the maximum power density. Current generation increased with increasing sludge loading, and maximum results were recorded as 90 µA with 9 g of sludge and optimum pH value 8 in the anode chamber. This study documented a maximum power density of 7.42 mW/m2 with the corresponding current density of 25 mA/m2. 

Citation: Amin, M. S. A., Talukder, M. J., Raju, R. R., and Khan, M. M. R. (2019). Conversion of Food Processing Waste to Bioenergy: Bangladesh Perspective. Trends in Renewable Energy, 5(1), 1-11. DOI: 10.17737/tre.2019.5.1.0080


Microbial fuel cell; Food processing waste; Bio-electricity; Wastewater treatment; Chemical oxygen demand

Full Text:



K Hossain, A., and Badr, O. (2007). Prospects of renewable energy utilisation for electricity generation in Bangladesh. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 11(8), 1617-1649.

Pant, D., Bogaert, G. V., Diels, L., and Vanbroekhoven, K. (2010). A review for the substrate used in microbial fuel cell (MFCs) for sustainable energy production. Bioresource Technology, 101(6), 1533-1543.

Logan, B. E., and Regan, J. M. (2006). Microbial fuel cells: Challenges and applications. Environ. Sci. Technol., 41, 5172-5180.

Papaharalabos, G., Greenman, J., Melhuish, C., and Ieropoulos, I. (2015). A novel small scale Microbial Fuel Cell design for increased electricity generation and waste water treatment. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 40(11), 4263-4268.

Latif, M. A., Rahman, M. H., and Ehasan, M. A. (2015). Agro-industrial development and sustainability in Bangladesh-A study. Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. & Tech., 5(2), 37-43.

(2018). [19/06/2018]

Hussain, S. S., and Leishman, D. (2013). Gain Report on Food Processing Industries in Bangladesh. pp: 2-3.

Khan, M. R., Amin, M. S. A., Rahman, M. T., Akbar, F., and Ferdaus, K. (2013). Factors affecting the performance of double chamber microbial fuel cell for simultaneous wastewater treatment and power generation. Polish Journal of Chemical Technology, 15(1), 7-11.

Agency, E. E. (2001). Indicator: Biochemical oxygen demand in rivers European Environment Agency, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Brião, V. B., and Tavares, C. R. G. (2007). Effluent generation by the dairy industry: preventive attitudes and opportunities. Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 24, 487-497.

Ravinder, K., Lakhveer, S., W., Z. A., and I., H. F. (2018). Microbial fuel cell is emerging as a versatile technology: a review on its possible applications, challenges and strategies to improve the performances. International Journal of Energy Research, 42(2), 369-394.

Cecconet, D., Molognoni, D., Callegari, A., and Capodaglio, A. G. (2018). Agro-food industry wastewater treatment with microbial fuel cells: Energetic recovery issues. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 43(1), 500-511.

Luo, H., Xu, G., Lu, Y., Liu, G., Zhang, R., Li, X., Zheng, X., and Yu, M. (2017). Electricity generation in a microbial fuel cell using yogurt wastewater under alkaline conditions. RSC Advances, 7(52), 32826-32832.

Logan, B. E., and Rittmaan, B. E. (2008). Opportunities for Renewable Bioenergy Using Microorganisms. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 100(2), 203-212.

Oh, S. E., and Logan, B. E. (2005). Hydrogen and electricity production from a food processing wastewater using fermentation and microbial fuel cell technologies. Water Res., 39, 4673-4682.

Du, Z., Li, H., and Gu, T. (2007). A state of the art review on microbial fuel cells: A promising technology for wastewater treatment and bioenergy. Biotechnology Advances, 25(5), 464-482.

Amin, M. S. A., Haque, T., Tarannum, R., and Khan, M. R. (2014). Wastewater treatment and electricity generation by membrane less microbial fuel Int. J. Environmental Engineering, 6(3), 314-323.

Mohan, S. V., Saravanan, R., Veer, S. R., Mohanakrishna, G., and Sarma, P. N. (2006). Bioelectricity production from wastewater treatment in dual chambered microbial fuel cell (MFC) using selectively enriched mixed microflora: Effect of catholyte. Bioresour. Technol., 99(3), 596-600.

You, S., Zhao, Q., Zhang, J., Jiang, J., and Zhao, S. (2006). A microbial fuel cell using permanganate as the cathodic electron acceptor. J. Power Sour., 162, 1409-1415.

Trinh, N. T., Park, J. H., and Kim, S. S. (2010). Generation behavior of electricity in a microbial fuel cell. Korean J. Chem. Eng., 27(2), 546-550.

APHA (1998). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. American Public Health Association, Washington DC, USA.

Behera, M., and Ghangrekar, M. M. (2009). Performance of microbial fuel cell in response to change in sludge loading rate at different anodic feed pH. Bioresource Technology, 100(21), 5114-5121.

He, Z., Huang, Y., Manohar, A. K., and Mansfeld, F. (2008). Effect of electrolyte pH on the rate of the anodic and cathodic reactions in an air-cathode microbial fuel cell. Bioelectrochemistry, 74, 78-82.

Jiang, J., Zhao, Q., Zhang, J., Zhang, G., and Lee, D.-J. (2009). Electricity generation from bio-treatment of sewage sludge with microbial fuel cell. Bioresource Technology, 100(23), 5808-5812.

Gil, G.-C., Chang, I.-S., Kim, B. H., Kim, M., Jang, J.-K., Park, H. S., and Kim, H. J. (2003). Operational parameters affecting the performannce of a mediator-less microbial fuel cell. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 18(4), 327-334.

Venkata Mohan, S., Saravanan, R., Raghavulu, S. V., Mohanakrishna, G., and Sarma, P. N. (2008). Bioelectricity production from wastewater treatment in dual chambered microbial fuel cell (MFC) using selectively enriched mixed microflora: Effect of catholyte. Bioresource Technology, 99(3), 596-603.

Liu, H., Cheng, S., and Logan, B. E. (2005). Production of Electricity from Acetate or Butyrate Using a Single-Chamber Microbial Fuel Cell. Environmental Science & Technology, 39(2), 658-662.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Mohammad Shaiful Alam Amin, Mubassir Jahan Talukder, Rajashri Roy Raju, Md Maksudur Rahman Khan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Copyright @2014-2024 Trends in Renewable Energy (ISSN: 2376-2136, online ISSN: 2376-2144)