Green Refining of Waste Lubricating Oil: A China Perspective

Jinlong Wu, Bo Li, Wei Wang, Shu Yang, Peng Liu, Changyan Yang, Yigang Ding

Abstract


Presently, many regeneration processes of waste lubricating oil, such as catalytic hydrogenation, are available. However, some of these processes are highly costly and not suitable for Chinese economic conditions, and some may produce contaminated impurities such as acid slag, which cannot meet environmental protection requirements. This study aims to develop a green process for the regeneration of waste lubricating oil into a base oil, which should meet the requirements of green chemistry, have the characteristics of simple operation, low cost, less pollution and high recovery rate, and turn wastes into renewable resources. The new process developed via this research has three stages. First, mechanical and large particle impurities in the waste lubricating oil were removed by pretreatment. Second, most of the colloid and asphaltene were removed by thermal extraction and sedimentation. Finally, the activated bleaching earth was used to further purify the waste lubricating oil. The performance evaluation of the finally obtained lubricating base oil conformed to the standard of the HVI-100 lubricating oil. The total recovery rate of the process was about 63.5%.

Citation: Wu, J., Li, B., Wang, W., Yang, S., Liu, P., Yang, C., and Ding, Y. (2019). Green Refining of Waste Lubricating Oil: A China Perspective. Trends in Renewable Energy, 5, 165-180. DOI: 10.17737/tre.2019.5.2.0084


Keywords


Waste lubricating oil; Green refining; Pretreatment; Thermal extraction and sedimentation; Response surface methodology

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17737/tre.2019.5.2.0084

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